Mary Anne Warren, “On The Moral and Legal Status of Abortion,” in Larry May and others, Applied Ethics: A Multicultural Approach,” Prentice Hall, 2011, 5th ed., pp. 435-432.
CENTRAL THESIS: The fetus does not possess a right to life.
MAIN SUPPORTING POINTS:
The fetus is not a member of the moral community.
A woman’s right to an abortion is unequivocal.
SECONDARY SUPPORTING POINTS:
The fetus lacks all five criteria for qualifying as a person: 1) consciousness,
2) reasoning, 3) self-motivated activity, 4) capacity to communicate, and
The liberty rights of the woman always outweigh the interests of the fetus.
PROBLEM WITH THE LIBERTARIAN POSITION:
A tyranny of the powerful–such as the owners of resouces or property.
RESPONSE TO PROBLEM WITH THE LIBERTARIAN POSITION:
A woman’s body is not her property.